Antonymy: A Corpus-Based Perspective (Routledge Advances in by Steven Jones

By Steven Jones

Antonymy is the technical identify used to explain 'opposites', pairs of phrases reminiscent of rich/poor, love/hate and male/female. Antonyms are a ubiquitous a part of daily language, and this ebook offers an in depth, entire account of the phenomenon.This e-book demonstrates how conventional linguistic thought will be revisited, up-to-date and challenged within the corpus age. it is going to be crucial analyzing for students drawn to antonymy and corpus linguistics.

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Here, the first term of the triplet represents an aggressive action, the second a measure to neutralise it, and the third a consequence of the inability to neutralise it. Attack:defend:submit is the primary example, though charge: refute:admit and, in the context of a football match, shoot:save:let in are other feasible illustrations. Cruse acknowledges that the final two categories are less fundamental than the first two and I would add that a number of his illustrations of non-gradable antonymy are questionable (not winning does not inherently entail losing; a valid third outcome is often still possible in drawing).

In other words, inherent to the words man and woman are the notions of humanness and adulthood. Leech (1974) and Kempson (1977) both draw heavily on componential analysis in their analyses of antonymy and this strategy is effective when dealing with certain antonymous pairs, especially those which concern kinship terms or gender. However, the explanatory power of componential analysis does not seem to extend beyond this – describing an antonymous pair such as bachelor/spinster is unproblematic, but tackling a pair such as active/ passive creates many more difficulties.

Indeed, it is difficult to imagine a list of antonyms which would not raise a single eyebrow, either because of pairs included but not considered to be ‘good opposites’, or because of ‘good opposites’ which might be conspicuous by their absence from the list. Before explaining the strategy used here for selecting a suitable sample of antonymous pairs, the lists of antonyms which other corpus researchers have used in their investigations will be briefly considered. First, the validity of the antonymous pairs identified by Deese (1964) will be evaluated, then Mettinger’s (1994) idea of using Roget’s Thesaurus as a resource for antonyms will be discussed.

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